Firstly, on behalf of the
Coordinating Committee and all staff members participating in the SAREC project
“Farming Systems/ Livestock Production Research,
It is now 15 years since the first visit of Dr Preston to Vietnam to assess the problems and set up a research proposal on increasing livestock and fuel production by making better use of local resources in activities embracing the National Institute of Animal Husbandry, the University of Agriculture and Forestry of Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho University.
The project was identified in October 1988, and submitted to SAREC for funding in April 1989. The project was approved in July 1989 and became operational in June 1990.
The first phase of the project
was successfully terminated by the organization of an international workshop on
Local Feed Resources held in
Based on the research progress accomplished in the first two years 1990 – 1991, SAREC agreed to extend the project for the two more years 1992 – 1993, then three more year 1993 – 1996, again for three more years 1997 – 1999 and finally for three more years 2000 – 2002. We are now at the end of this fifth phase of the project, funded by SIDA–SAREC.
The long-term objectivities of the project were to develop the research capacity at the four participating institutions through improvement of facilities, research collaboration and researcher training (from 1996 onwards at PhD level), and to develop models to increase the productivity and efficiency of smallholder livestock production within a context where locally available resources are utilized in integrated, sustainable farming systems. More specifically, research capacity would be improved by:
In the second phase of the
project, the main objective was to develop livestock production and integrated
farming systems for small-scale farmers in
The aim of the third and fourth phase of the project was to carry out research on integrated livestock production systems, with a focus on alternative, ecologically sound, feeding and production systems.
During the fifth phase of the project on station and on farm research carried out focused on the identification and evaluation of new feed resources, improvement of the nutritive value of crop residues and agro-industrial by-products and the development and testing of more appropriate feed evaluation methodologies. Also there were a number of studies of improving the role of low cost plastic tube biodigesters by modifying the Danish biogas model using the cheapest local resources for sustainable agriculture systems in Vietnam, integrated model rice-fish-duck to improve the use of natural resources and develop a sustainable agriculture and aquaculture, using ducks to control insects in paddy fields and eliminate use of insecticides, assessment of feed availability and adoption of recommended feed practices on smaller farms in the Northern provinces of Vietnam.
In the early stage of the project, three countries have been involved:
The project has been administered
With the resource available, the
project has been well administered within
The support received from SIDA – SAREC with close collaboration from other international agencies, FAO and IFS in particular, has resulted in, the following outputs and achievements:
One important output is the development of farming systems.
The system of using sugarcane
juice to replace cereal grain by-products in pig production was successfully
introduced to three mountainous provinces in
Processing cassava roots and leaves by ensiling is simpler than sun drying, especially during the wet season. This system has been adopted by farmers in Binh Dien and Xuan Loc villages in Thua Thien Hue province.
Shrimp heads are a by-product of processing for export market. Traditionally they are dumped into watercourses causing pollution. Ensiling the shrimp heads with molasses is a simple way of preserving this product for feeding to pigs and ducks. Farmers in the coastal provinces where the shrimp factories are located are adopting this technology.
The multipurpose tree
Trichanthera gigantea, from the coffee-growing Andean foothills of
The traditional management of
Supplementing buffaloes with multi-nutrition blocks containing urea minerals and molasses improved their health and working performance in on farm research done by Can Tho University researchers.
Low cost plastic biodigesters
were first introduced into
One of the most important achievement and long lasting impact of the project is the human resource development:
A total of 8 Vietnamese scientists
from the four participating institutions were registered for PhD at the
Department of Animal Nutrition and Management of the
The project consultant, Dr T. R. Preston has regularly held short training courses for Vietnamese scientists on a wide variety of topics, including the use of micro computers.
Researchers from SLU and various
internationally known scientists have regularly held seminars and short
courses. For example, Dr Janet Riley, a senior biometrician from the Rothamsted
In 1992, Dr. Trinh Cong Thanh, Head
of the library at the
The head of SLU’s Kunsängen laboratories, Börje Ericson, has visited UAF and Can Tho University on several occasions to train laboratory staff in the use and maintenance equipment.
The success of the project to date is illustrated by the list of publications and reports presented at International and National workshops on Feed Resources held in Hanoi, Hue, Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho, in China, in Indonesia, in Cambodia, in Laos, in the Philippines, in Sri Lanka and in Europe.
In addition to the five national seminar/ workshops proceedings Feed Resources which include more than 100 articles published by Vietnamese scientists wholly or partly supported by SAREC, to total of more than 30 articles has been published in the Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, the Journal of Livestock Production Science, the Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, the Journal of Animal Feed Science and Technology and approximately 80 papers in the international electronic journal “Livestock Research for Rural Development”.
Vietnamese scientists supported
by the SAREC project have presented papers at a number of international
With financial support from SAREC, Dr Le Viet Ly and Dr Luu Trong Hieu published a Vietnamese translation of the book “Matching Ruminant Production Systems to Available Resources in the Tropics and Subtropic” (T. R. Preston and R. A. Leng), five hundred copies of which were distributed to scientists and students at the four participating institutions.
Video films were made on project
activities in Tuyen Quang (
So far up today, five
international and regional workshops have been organized in
The Regional Workshop “Increasing Livestock Production by Making Better Use of
Local Feed Resources” held in
The National Seminar Workshop “Sustainable Livestock Production on Local Feed Resources” held in Hanoi/Ho Chi Minh City in November 1993, organized and sponsored by SAREC, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Education and Training. There were over 60 local and international participants, and 19 papers were presented by scientists supported by the project and included in the proceedings.
The National Seminar Workshop “Sustainable Livestock Production and Local Feed Resources” held in Ho Chi Minh City in September 1996, organized and sponsored by SAREC, IFS, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and Ministry of Education and Training. There were over 50 local and international participants and 11 papers were presented by scientists supported wholly and partly by the project and included in the proceedings.
The National Seminar Workshop
“Sustainable Livestock production on Local Feed Resources” held in
This National Seminar Workshop
“Sustainable Livestock Production on Local Feed Resources” held in
The laboratory and research facilities of the four participating institutions in the project have been improved through the purchase of laboratory equipment glassware and chemicals.
The university farm dairy barn of
Two particularly interesting features of this project is the involvement of the women in the project and the disbursement of the research fund between 1989 and 1996 research funds were transferred directly to the four applying institution and then distributed to scientists by the respective department heads. From 1997 onwards a more democratic system on competitive basis was initiated in which scientist submit research proposals to a common research fund amounting to around 60,000 USD annually. Multidisciplinary proposals involving scientists from non animal science departments are encouraged. A research grant committee consisting of Dr Brian Ogle, Dr. T. R Preston, Dr. R. Orskov, Dr Luu Trong Hieu, Dr Le Viet Ly and Dr Vo Tong Xuan meet annually to evaluate the application.
On average around 18–20 applications are approved of 30 or so submitted with an average grant of about 3,500 USD. The two project consultants (Dr. T.R. Preston, Dr. Orskov) senior local scientists and researchers from SLU assist local researchers in designing, planning and writing proposals.
There is a good participation of
women, and forty percent of researchers participating in the project are women.
Three of the eight Vietnamese PhD graduated from the
The project has a very good
cooperation with researches from many countries including
The objectives of the project are
appropriate and contribution of SIDA – SAREC are directly in line with both
needs and the government policy of
The success of the project is a positive reflection of the interest of the Vietnamese government and its institutions, researchers and farmers in developing livestock technologies using local resources in production systems, with integrate crops and animals.
An outstanding achievement of the project is the degree of cooperation between the project with many other programs, other universities and international organizations. The cooperation North-South is one special feature of this project as witnessed by the successful implementation of the regional SE Asia project on “Better use of locally available feed resources in Sustainable Livestock based agriculture” executed by FAO on behalf of Japan in Cambodia, China, Laos, Philippines and Vietnam.
The minor Field studies (MFS) of
The project also has a good collaboration with the Sida/ SAREC International “Tropical Livestock Systems” MSc program:
A total 49 students from 9 different countries in SE Asia (Cambodia, Laos), Africa (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe) and Latin America (Colombia and Nicaragua) including 21 students from Vietnam have been graduated with MSc degree from SLU. From 1994 onwards all courses have been held at the four participating Vietnamese institutions, with inputs from local scientists, and the 12 month student research projects have had local supervisors. Twelve of thirteen PhD students registered at SLU are graduates of the SAREC MSc program.
The Sida funded program on Regional Research Cooperation for Livestock Based Sustainable Farming systems in the Lower Mekong Basin (MEKARN) learned a lot of experiences from the project.
On this occasion, we sincerely
thank SIDA, SAREC who have supported this project. Especially, many thank to Dr
Thomas Reg Preston and Dr Brian Ogle, Project Consultant and Project
Coordinator, respectively, for their valuable contribution in the human
resource research institutes in
We also thank Dr Bo Gohl, Dr Goran Bruhn, Dr Rene Sansoucy, Prof. Hans Wikltorsson, Dr Inger Ledin, Dr Peter Uden, Prof Jan-Erick Lindberg, Dr Ulf Magnusson, Dr Barbro Carlsson, Dr Jan Olof Lunberg, Dr Andrew Speedy, Dr Kenji Sato, Dr Frank Dolberg, Dr Bjorn Lindgren, Dr Christina Arosenius, Dr Bob Orskov, Dr Ron Leng, Dr Kim Fross, who have given their full support to this project in both spirit and material.
We have highly appreciated the
participation of many international friends from
We sincerely thank to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Education and Training, the Ministry of Science and Technology for their precious assistance.
Especially many thanks to Dr. Bui Cach Tuyen, to Dr Le Viet Ly, to Dr Nguyen Dang Vang, to Dr. Tran Van Minh, to Dr Vo Van Son and all the senior and junior scientists of the National Institute of Animal Husbandry, the University of Agriculture and Forestry of Hue, the University of Agriculture and Forestry of Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho University who are participating in this project for their great effort to overcome all the difficulties and for their inplementation of this project.
We would like to express our sincere thank to Rector Tran Van Minh, to Dr. Le Duc Ngoan, to Mr. Le Van An and staff members of the Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry for hosting and organizing successfully this seminar workshop.
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